Glossary

 

  • Akt Number  A record number, typically recorded sequentially by year (as shorthand, an 1870 birth, marriage, or death record with akt no. 8 is referred to as 1870 B 8, 1870 M 8, or 1870 D 8, respectively)
  • Alegata Records  Extracts from birth, marriage or death records used by clerks to prepare marriage records
  • Bann  Announcement of an upcoming wedding
  • BMD Records  Birth, marriage, and death records
  • Books of Residents  Books with detailed information for families in a town
  • Census lists  Census records for families in a town
  • Congress Poland  For the purposes of JRI-Poland, the portions of Poland that were under Russian rule from 1815 through World War I; also known as Russian Poland
  • Duplikat  The second set of birth, marriage, and death records for a town maintained by a clerk, kept by type of record by year
  • FamilySearch Library (formerly Family History Library (FHL)) / FamilySearch Centers (formerly Family History Centers)  Libraries, run by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (often known informally as the Mormon Church), where many images of 19th century Polish records for Jews are available for review
  • Fond Number  The number designating the unit of a Polish State Archive where  records for a town are kept
  • Galicia  For the purposes of JRI-Poland, the portions of Poland and Ukraine that were under Austro-Hungarian rule from 1815 through World War I
  • Gubernia  A province in Congress Poland
  • JRI-Poland  Jewish Records Indexing-Poland, Inc., the non-profit organization that is responsible for extracting the records on www.jri-poland.org
  • Metrical Records  Birth, marriage, and death records that were kept in a columnar format; typically used in Galicia, the Russian Pale, and Prussia
  • Monitor Polski (Polish Monitor)  Official journal issued by Polish prime minister beginning in 1918
  • Napoleonic Records  Birth, marriage, and death records that were kept in a standard narrative format; typically used in Congress Poland from 1808 through World War II
  • Patronymic  Name that is based on a father’s name
  • Patronymic-Era Records  Records pre-dating 1826, often used to refer to birth, marriage, and death records from Congress Poland from 1808-1825, the period in which Jewish and non-Jewish records were kept in the same registers
  • Polish State Archive (PSA)  One of the approximately 75 regional archives in Poland where records are stored after they have have been transferred from the local Urząd Stanu Cywilnego (Civil Records Office)
  • Prussia  For the purposes of JRI-Poland, the portions of Poland that were under the rule of Prussia and, later, Germany from 1815 through World War I
  • Russian Pale  For the purposes of JRI-Poland, Grodno and Volhynia gubernias in Imperial Russia (but not including Congress Poland)
  • Registration Cards  Cards providing information concerning families
  • Urząd Stanu Cywilnego (USC)  Civil Records Office where birth, marriage, and death records were originally recorded and kept
  • Unikat  The first set of birth, marriage, and death records for a town maintained by a clerk, kept by year by type of record
  • Vel  Latin for “also known as” (abbreviated as “v.”); used to represent variant given names or surnames, including given names or surnames that have been changed
  • Vital records  Birth, marriage, and death records
  • Voivodeship (województwo)  A province in Galicia, and in post-World War I Poland 

 

Updated on November 23, 2020

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